Next Section | Table of Contents


Alt, J.C., 1995. Subseafloor processes in mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal systems. In Humphris, S.E., Zierenberg, R., Mullineaux, L., and Thomson, R. (Eds.), Seafloor Hydrothermal Systems: Physical, Chemical, Biological and Geological Interactions within Hydrothermal Systems. Geophys. Monogr., 91:85–114.

Bach, W., and Edwards, K.J., in press. Iron and sulfide oxidation within the basaltic ocean crust: implications for chemolithoautotrophic microbial biomass production. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta.

Becker, K., 1986. Special report: development and use of packers in ODP. JOIDES J., 12:51–57.

Becker, K., and Davis, E., 2003. New evidence for age variation and scale effects of permeabilities of young oceanic crust from borehole thermal and pressure measurements. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 201:499–508.

Becker, K., and Fisher, A.T., 2000. Permeability of upper oceanic basement on the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge determined with drill-string packer experiments. J. Geophys. Res., 105:897–912.

Becker, N.C., Wheat, C.G., Mottl, M.J., Karsten, J., and Davis, E.E., 2000. A geological and geophysical investigation of Baby Bare, locus of a ridge flank hydrothermal system in the Cascadia Basin. J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth], 105:23557–23568.

Cowen, J.P., Giovannoni, S.J., Kenig, F., Johnson, H.P., Butterfield, D., Rappé, M.S., Hutnak, M., and Lam, P., 2003. Fluids from aging ocean crust that support microbial life. Science, 299:120–123.

Davis, E.E., and Becker, K., 2002. Observations of natural-state fluid pressures and temperatures in young oceanic crust and inferences regarding hydrothermal circulation. Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett., 204:231–248.

Davis, E.E., and Becker, K., in press. Observations of temperature and pressure: constraints on ocean crustal hydrologic state, properties, and flow. In Davis, E.E., and Elderfield, H. (Eds.), Hydrogeology of the Oceanic Lithosphere: Cambridge, U.K. (Cambridge Univ. Press).

Davis, E.E., Chapman, D.S., Forster, C.B., and Villinger, H., 1989. Heat-flow variations correlated with buried basement topography on the Juan de Fuca Ridge flank. Nature, 342:533–537.

Davis, E.E., Chapman, D.S., Wang, K., Villinger, H., Fisher, A.T., Robinson, S.W., Grigel, J., Pribnow, D., Stein, J., and Becker, K., 1999. Regional heat-flow variations across the sedimented Juan de Fuca Ridge eastern flank: constraints on lithospheric cooling and lateral hydrothermal heat transport. J. Geophys. Res., 104:17675–17688.

Davis, E.E., Fisher, A.T., Firth, J.V., et al., 1997. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 168: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).

Davis, E.E., Wang, K., Becker, K., and Thomson, R.E., 2000. Formation-scale hydraulic and mechanical properties of oceanic crust inferred from pore pressure response to periodic seafloor loading. J. Geophys. Res., 105:13423–13435.

Davis, E.E., Wang, K., He, J., Chapman, D.S., Villinger, H., and Rosenberger, A., 1997. An unequivocal case for high Nusselt-number hydrothermal convection in sediment-buried igneous oceanic crust. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 146:137–150.

Elderfield, H., and Schultz, A., 1996. Mid-ocean ridge hydrothermal fluxes and the chemical composition of the ocean. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 24:191–224.

Elderfield, H., Wheat, C.G., Mottl, M.J., Monnin, C., and Spiro, B., 1999. Fluid and geochemical transport through oceanic crust: a transect across the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 172:151–165.

Fisher, A.T., 1998. Permeability within basaltic oceanic crust. Rev. Geophys., 36:143–182.

Fisher, A.T., and Becker, K., 2000. Channelized fluid flow in oceanic crust reconciles heat-flow and permeability data. Nature, 403:71–74.

Fisher, A.T., Becker, K., and Davis, E.E., 1997. The permeability of young oceanic crust east of Juan de Fuca Ridge, as determined using borehole thermal measurements. Geophys. Res. Lett., 24:1311–1314.

Fisher, A.T., Davis, E.E., Hutnak, M., Spiess, V., Zühlsdorff, L., Cherkaoui, A., Christiansen, L., Edwards, K.M., Macdonald, R., Villinger, H., Mottl, M.J., Wheat, C.G., and Becker, K., 2003a. Hydrothermal recharge and discharge across 50 km guided by seamounts on a young ridge flank. Nature, 421:618–621.

Fisher, A.T., Stein, C.A., Harris, R.N., Wang, K., Silver, E.A., Pfender, M., Hutnak, M., Cherkaoui, A., Bodzin, R., and Villinger, H., 2003b. Abrupt thermal transition reveals hydrothermal boundary and role of seamounts within the Cocos plate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30:10.1029/2002GL016766.

Fisk, M.R., Thorseth, I.H., Urbach, E., and Giovannoni, S.J., 2000. Investigation of microorganisms and DNA from subsurface thermal water and rock from the east flank of Juan de Fuca Ridge. In Fisher, A., Davis, E.E., and Escutia, C. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 168: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 167–174.

Giambalvo, E.R., Fisher, A.T., Martin, J.T., Darty, L., and Lowell, R.P., 2000. Origin of elevated sediment permeability in a hydrothermal seepage zone, eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, and implications for transport of fluid and heat. J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth], 105:913–928.

Mottl, M.J., and Wheat, C.G., 1994. Hydrothermal circulation through mid-ocean ridge flanks: fluxes of heat and magnesium. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 58:2225–2237.

Mottl, M.J., Wheat, C.G., Baker, E., Becker, N., Davis, E., Feely, R., Grehan, A., Kadko, D., Lilley, M., Massoth, G., Moyer, C., and Sansone, F., 1998. Warm springs discovered on 3.5 Ma oceanic crust, eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geology, 26:51–54.

Parsons, B., and Sclater, J.G., 1977. An analysis of the variation of ocean floor bathymetry and heat flow with age. J. Geophys. Res., 82:803–827.

Ranero, C.R., Morgan, J.P., and von Huene, R., 2003. Bending-related faulting and mantle serpentinization at the Middle America Trench. Nature, 405:367–373.

Rohr, K., 1994. Increase of seismic velocities in upper oceanic crust and hydrothermal circulation in the Juan de Fuca plate. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21:2163–2166.

Rosenberger, A., Davis, E.E., and Villinger, H., 2000. Data report: Hydrocell-95 and -96 single-channel seismic data on the eastern Juan de Fuca Ridge Flank. In Fisher, A., Davis, E.E., and Escutia, C. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 168: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 9–19.

Spinelli, G.A., and Fisher, A.T., 2004. Hydrothermal circulation within rough basement on the Juan de Fuca Ridge flank. Geochem., Geophys., Geosyst., 5:10.1029/2003GC000616.

Spinelli, G.A., Zühlsdorff, L., Fisher, A.T., Wheat, C.G., Mottl, M., Spiess, V., and Giambalvo, E.G., 2004. Hydrothermal seepage patterns above a buried basement ridge, eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 109:10.1029/2003JB002476.

Stein, C.A., and Stein, S., 1992. A model for the global variation in oceanic depth and heat flow with lithospheric age. Nature, 359:123–129.

Stein, J.S., and Fisher, A.T., 2003. Observations and models of lateral hydrothermal circulation on a young flank ridge: reconciling thermal, numerical and chemical constraints. Geochem, Geophys., Geosyst., 4:10.1029/2002GC000415.

Wheat, C.G., Elderfield, H., Mottl, M.J., and Monnin, C., 2000. Chemical composition of basement fluids within an oceanic ridge flank: implications for along-strike and across-strike hydrothermal circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 105:13437–13448.

Wheat, C.G., and Mottl, M., 2000. Composition of pore and spring waters from Baby Bare: global implications of geochemical fluxes from a ridge flank hydrothermal system. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 64:629–642.

Wheat, C.G., and Mottl, M.G., 1994. Hydrothermal circulation, Juan de Fuca Ridge eastern flank: factors controlling basement water composition. J. Geophys. Res., 99:3067–3080.

Zühlsdorff, L., and Spiess, V., 2001. Modeling seismic reflection patterns from Ocean Drilling Program Leg 168 core density logs: insight into lateral variations in physical properties and sediment input at the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge. J. Geophys. Res., 106:16119–16134.

Zühlsdorff, L., Spiess, V., Hübscher, C., and Breitzke, M., 1999. Seismic reflectivity anomalies in sediments at the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge: evidence for fluid migration? J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth Planets], 104:15351–15364.

Next Section | Table of Contents