IODP Expedition 303:
North Atlantic Climate 1
Week 4 Report
PDF file is available for download.
October 18, 2004
Site U1304 (GAR2A) (continued)
Hole U1304A was spudded with the APC coring system at 1345 hr on 9 October. Piston coring advanced the hole to 239.0
mbsf taking 26 cores with an average recovery of 105.6%. The drill-over
technique was used for Cores U1304A-19H to 22H and 24H to 26H. Coring
operations ceased when the formation became too stiff to continue and
shattering of core liners became common.
The vessel was offset 20 m
southeast of Hole U1304A and Hole U1304B was spudded with the APC at 2105 hr on
10 October. Piston coring advanced
the hole to a final depth of 242.4 mbsf with an average recovery of 104.0%.
Cores U1304B-20H and 26H were advanced by recovery and drill over was used to
obtain Cores U1304B-20H, 21H, 24H, and 25H.
The ship was offset 20 m southeast
of Hole U1304B and Hole U1304C was spudded with the APC at 0445 hr on 12
October. Piston coring advanced to 69.6 mbsf when operations had to be
terminated because of deteriorating weather conditions. The passage of a cold
front during the early morning hours of 12 October was accompanied by a steady
20 to 25 knot wind, wind gusts as high as 50 knots, and 16-18 foot seas, which
caused vessel heave to exceed 4 m. These conditions made it difficult to
successfully land the core barrel without prematurely parting the shear pin of
the corer and compromising core quality. At 1425 hr, the bit was pulled clear
of the seafloor ending operations at Hole 1304C.
From 1430 hr to 1745 hr, the ship remained
positioned at the site with the drill string suspended above the seafloor
waiting for the weather to abate. At 1745 hr, the vessel was offset 20 m
southeast of Hole U1304C and Hole U1304D was spudded and drilled with a center
bit to 52.0 mbsf where coring was initiated. The hole was APC cored from
52.0-243.9 mbsf with an average recovery of 97.3%, with the exception of the
interval from 180.3 mbsf to 181.3 mbsf, which was drilled (i.e., not cored).
Cores U1304D-14H and 20H were advanced by recovery and
drill over was used to obtain Cores U1304D-15H to 17H and 19H to 21H. At
1230 hr on 14 October, we departed for the next site.
At the conclusion of operations at
Site 1304, weather forecasts predicted an extensive
high pressure system to be over the Eirik Drift by 16
October. With an excellent weather window available, we proceeded to Site
1305 (LAB-6A). The 577 nmi transit was accomplished
at an average speed of 10.4 knots. Hole U1305A was spudded with the APC
at 0600 hr on 17 October advancing the hole to 75.4 mbsf by the early afternoon
with an average recovery of 104.0%.
Site U1304 Preliminary Scientific Results
The sediments at Site U1304 are
composed of light gray, greenish gray, and dark gray nannofossil ooze, silty
clay with nannofossils, and silty clay alternating with olive gray, gray and
dark gray diatom ooze (mats and laminae). Calcium carbonate content ranges from
5-70 wt.% and organic carbon content is low (generally < 0.5 wt%). Both
calcareous and siliceous microfossils are abundant throughout the cored
interval. Diatom layers range in
thickness from centimeters to ~8 m with interbeds of silty clay. Diatom
mats are composed of almost
monospecific diatom layers, mainly needle-shaped diatom Thalassiothrix/Lioloma complex. Biostratigraphic and paleomagnetic
data indicate the cored succession to be late Pliocene to Holocene in age (1.8
Ma and younger). Overall, the sediments are a good geomagnetic recorder, and
the Brunhes/Matayama boundary, the Jaramillo subchron, the Cobb Mountain event,
and the top of the Olduvai are all clearly identified. Magnetic susceptibility, natural gamma
ray, density, and color reflectance provide excellent cyclic records for hole
to hole correlation. A virtually complete composite section was constructed
spanning 0-258.1 mcd. The one exception is a small gap at 199 mcd that falls
within the thickest diatom mat interval. Initial results from Site U1304
indicate a remarkably continuous record back to 1.8 Ma, which correlates well
to ODP Sites 983 and 984 on the northern Gardar Drift. Site U1304, with high
sedimentation rates (11-18 cm/k.y.), promises to yield an excellent record of
Quaternary environmental change enhanced by excellent preservation of benthic and planktonic
foraminifers, nannofossils, and diatoms. Physical properties measurements can
be matched to astronomical solutions indicating the potential for
astrochronological age control, and implying that the recovered section is
devoid of significant hiatuses.
Technical Support and HSE Activities
week 4 of Expedition 303, we completed Site U1304, transited 2.3 days to Site
U1305 and commenced coring. By end of operations at Site U1304, 1212.7 m of
core have been recovered and processed. A total of 999 samples and 76 IW
samples (34 whole rounds) have been taken.
Laboratory Status: The labs
were up and running smoothly this week. During the transit to Site U1305 the
port magnetometer began to have intermittent problems so it was retrieved and
the starboard magnetometer deployed with good results. The new Isotemp
Hybridization Incubator was installed in the microbiology laboratory. Two new
drill presses for the core lab sampling station are being prepared to replace
the old presses. The curator used the new cast-cutting tool to good effect in
curating some shattered core liners. The new Java Curation and Java Corelog
programs are undergoing the requested testing.
HSE: A fire and boat drill was held on
18 October 2004 for the entire ship's complement. A Transocean interactive DVD
safety-training module on risk management was viewed by the IODP Expedition 303