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IODP Expedition 323:
Bering Sea Paleoceanography
Week 1 Report (5-11 July 2009)
PDF file is available for download.
12 July 2009
IODP Expedition 323 officially began at 0800 hr 5 July 2009
with the first line ashore Pier A, Ogden Point, Victoria, B.C., Canada. The JOIDES Resolution (JR) arrived on schedule for a full five day port call that included a wide range of activities.
During the portcall, elevator specialists were onboard repairing,
testing and certifying the ship elevator. A safety inspection team completed a comprehensive
survey of all vessel lifting equipment and an initial survey of all overhead
equipment including the derrick for a dropped object safety baseline. The
normal on and offloading activities took place including the loading of 10
short tons of Attapulgite drilling mud, 7 short tons of barite and 20 short
tons of cement. The vessel received 800 metric tons of marine gas oil. A lifeboat manufacturer was scheduled
for what seemed to be a minor cosmetic repair to the lifeboat No 2, which had
suffered some damaged during a training deployment in the previous expedition.
The 'minor' repair on inspection caused the lifeboat to be condemned and it was
removed from the vessel for repair and return. In place of Lifeboat No. 2, three 25 person life rafts were
installed on the port side. This temporary installation was approved by both
ABS and the flag state (Liberia) for our continued operations on Expedition
The Expedition 323 scientists boarded the vessel on July 5th.
Public relations activities were conducted during the course of the port call
and included guided tours for the Natural Resources Canada, the University of
Victoria, the B.C. Ministry of Mines and Petroleum, and a local newspaper.
The ship departed Victoria, B.C. with the last line away
from Pier A at 0704 hr. Transit speed en route to the first site has averaged
11.0 knots over the 449 nm covered by midnight on 11 July 2009.
IODP Expedition 323 aims to recover seafloor sediments that
will provide the first comprehensive, high-resolution records of climatic and
oceanographic conditions in the Bering Sea over the past 5 million years to
reconstruct the history of this important marginal sea, connecting the Pacific
and Arctic oceans, and its role in global changes.
Over the last 5 million years, global climate has evolved
from being warm with only small Northern Hemisphere glaciers and ice sheets to
being cold with major Northern Hemisphere glaciations occurring every 100 to 40
thousand years. The reasons for this major transition and the mechanisms
controlling glacial/interglacial and millennial scale climate oscillations are
unknown. Although there are data to show that the Pacific experienced
oceanographic reorganizations that were just as dramatic as those in the
Atlantic, the scarcity of data in critical regions of the Pacific (the largest
ocean with arguably the largest potential to influence global climate) has
prevented an evaluation of the role of North Pacific processes in global
paleoceanography and climate evolution.
The sedimentary records from the Bering Sea will provide an
understanding of the evolution of Pliocene-Pleistocene surface water
conditions, paleoproductivity, and sea-ice coverage, including millennial to
Milankovitch scale oscillations; the history of past production of the Pacific
intermediate and/or deep water masses within the marginal sea, and its link to
surface water processes; the interactions between marginal sea conditions and
continental climate and the Pacific Ocean; and an evaluation of how the history
of ocean/climate of the Bering Strait gateway region may have had an effect on
North Pacific and global conditions.
The expedition scientists spent the first week onboard
learning their laboratories, instrumentation, preparing and documenting the
methods and shipboard sampling strategies and practicing core flow using an
Expedition 321 practice core. Downhole logging activities focused on refining
the software for analyzing the wireline heave compensation and logging
Technical Support and HSE Activities
The Expedition 323 technical staff boarded the JR on July 5th. Cross over and training with
the off going crew took part of most of the day and several marine technicians
returned to the ship for the entire port call to help with the laboratory
training and orientation of the Expedition 323 scientists. Laboratory and
radiation safety, and marine mammal observer trainings were conducted during
Other technical support activities included reorganization
of the science pallet storage area, the installation of additional LED lighting
over the core description and sampling tables, and a new core rack increasing
in-lab core storage. In the analytical laboratories a replacement gas
chromatograph for PFT analysis and a third-party DIC analyzer and
spectrophotometer were installed. A small -86 degrees freezer was installed on
the Fo'c'sle deck. The new cargo basket was successfully load tested and
certified by Transocean. Equipment and laboratory spaces were secured for sea
prior to departure. The first boat and fire drill was held on July 10th.