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IODP Expedition 342:
Paleogene Newfoundland Sediment Drifts
Week 1 Report (1-9 June 2012)
PDF file is available for download.
Expedition 342 (Paleogene Newfoundland Sediment Drifts) began on 1 June 2012 while located dockside Ireland Dockyard Commercial Berth, St. George, Bermuda. On 2 June, the ship's crew (Siem Offshore) and USIO technical staff completed a
crew change and the scientists boarded the ship. The vessel was secured for sea
and the last line was released from shore at 0612 h on 4 June, beginning the
passage to ODP Site 1073.
After a 582 nm transit from
Bermuda to Site U1402 (ODP Site 1073) averaging 10.1 knots, the vessel arrived
at the first expedition location to perform engineering qualification tests on
the Motion Decoupled Hydraulic Delivery System (MDHDS). The vessel was on Site
U1402 at 1542 h (UTC-3 h) on 6 June. The bottom-hole assembly (BHA) was drifted
and the drill pipe lowered to 608 mbrf. The MDHDS
with the Temperature and Pressure (T2P) tool were made up for deployment using
the developmental electronic release system (ERS) tool on Schlumberger
wireline. After running the tools through the blocks, a surface test was
performed to check all components prior to deployment. A communication problem
with the tool was fixed and the Schlumberger wireline was run into the drill
pipe to ~250 mbrf, where the ERS released prematurely,
allowing the MDHDS and T2P to fall ~400 m to the landing seat in the BHA. An
attempt was made to reattach the ERS tool to the MDHDS without success and the
Schlumberger wireline was pulled from the drill pipe. An MDHDS mechanical latch
assembly with sinker bars was assembled and deployed on the coring line in an attempt to fish the MDHDS tool, but this did not work. Upon retrieval
of the coring line, the sinker bars were observed to have parted from the retrieval sub (RS) overshot, leaving a configuration that was impossible to fish. The decision was made to pull the drill string out of the hole to retrieve the test equipment inside the BHA.
At 0800 h the motor vessel
North Star arrived on location and was secured to the port side of the vessel
within reach of the #3 crane. Three pallets of provisions and a pallet of drill
string severing materials were unloaded from the vessel and the North Star was
released and clear of the JOIDES Resolution at 0828 h.
After tripping out of the
hole, the test equipment was removed from the BHA, and inspected for damage. At
1145 h on 7 June, the drill string was run back into the hole and Hole U1402A
was spudded at 1405 h. Seafloor was recorded at 650 mbrf.
Hole U1402A was washed down to 96.4 mbsf (746.4 mbrf)
and the MDHDS, T2P and ERS were assembled and run down to the BHA for a second
test. Both temperature and pressure signals were successfully transmitted to
the rig floor and recorded. After circulation was re-established for the last
part of the test, the tools could not be retrieved by wireline. The ERS was
released and the Schlumberger wireline was pulled from the hole, the top drive
was set back and the drill string was tripped from the hole. The bit cleared
the rotary table at 0110 h ending Hole U1402A.
Since there was a short
amount of time remaining before the ship had to depart for the primary
Expedition 342 drilling area, the science party decided to take a few cores to
test core flow and refine laboratory procedures. After recovering the MDHDS
tools from the BHA, the drill pipe was run back to just above the seafloor. The
vessel was offset 20 m to the east and Hole U1402B was spudded at 0625 h on 8
June. Mudline Core U1402B-1H was 7.02 meters long and
the seafloor depth was calculated at 650.5 mbrf. Core
U1402B-2H was a partial stroke (8 m) and the liner shattered. The core was
retrieved by wire line, extracted from the core barrel on the rig floor and
placed into split liner sections. The coring system was disassembled to remove
the core and liner and reassembled and the decision was taken to pull out of
the hole and to get underway for the next site.
While working on retrieving
the second core a scheduled helicopter arrived on deck at 0932 h with 4 USIO
staff. The helicopter refueled, took on 5 MDHDS scientists/engineers and
luggage and departed the JOIDES Resolution at 1020 h.
The rig floor was secured at 1330 h on 8 June, ending Hole U1402B, and the vessel was underway at full speed to Site 1403 (proposed site JA-1A).
The plan for the sea trial
of the Motion Decoupled Hydraulic Delivery System (MDHDS) was to carry out two
tests of the tool set in the water column, wash to a depth of 100 m, test the
MDHDS in situ for at least 30 minutes, turn on the pumps to clean the hole,
take an APC core, test the tool in situ again, and take three more APC cores. The MDHDS is a development intended to serve as a foundation
for future penetrometer and other downhole tool formation measurements. The MDHDS is designed so that downhole tools that are in the formation can be decoupled from the heave of the drill string, which negatively impact these measurements.
The planned testing program quickly
changed when the MDHDS detached from the wireline during its initial deployment
and fell ~400 m into the bottom hole assembly (BHA) while the BHA was still in
the water column. An attempt to fish the tool failed with the loss of the
sinker bar, and the drill pipe was tripped to recover the MDHDS. The failed
deployment was associated with a strong current and considerable chatter in the
drill string as the tool banged against the side of the pipe wall on its
After retrieval of the MDHDS tools, pipe was again tripped, this time to the seafloor. A 96-m hole was drilled
without coring. The MDHDS was deployed, and data were obtained through the
telemetry system of the tool for 30 minutes with limited circulation. When circulation
was re-established to test the effects of circulation on formation pore
pressure, telemetry was lost and it was found that the tool could not be
withdrawn using the wireline system. The drill string was tripped to retrieve
the MDHDS and it was found that the tether within the MDHDS had worked between
the tool and the inside of the BHA aperture, jamming the tool in place and
preventing recovery. This concluded the MDHDS sea trial.
During the sea trials, the
shipboard science party received introductory presentations and training on
operations and laboratory methods, equipment and software. Science plans were
presented and discussed, and shipboard sampling plans
established. A daily science seminar provided participants with opportunities
to present their work and discuss ideas with each other. When the MDHDS tests
were concluded, several hours remained until a helicopter would arrive to
exchange departing engineers with arriving science support technicians. The
science party requested that a few cores be obtained from site U1402 to test
lab equipment and provide experience for the science staff. The drill string
was deployed a third time and two cores were taken from 0-15 mbsf, with 100%
recovery. Core U1402-1H was a 7-m long mudline core,
and Core U1402B-2H was an 8-m long partial stroke core that suffered significant
core liner damage.
Core analysis showed the sediment to be unconsolidated, sticky, grey to dark grey-brown Pleistocene-Holocene
silty mudstone. The mud contains abundant woody
organic matter and patches of sulfides as well as mollusk shell fragments. The
sediment is similar to pro-glacial muds elsewhere along the continental margin.
Section U1402B-1H-1 has normal polarity and a short reversed interval was
detected in Section U1402B-1H-3. The microfossil assemblage consists of sponge
and diatom fragments, a foraminifer assemblage dominated by benthic species,
and a late Pleistocene calcareous nannoplankton
assemblage. Both the benthic foraminifer and calcareous nannoplankton
assemblages include, in addition to Pleistocene species, a mixed reworked
assemblage. For example, reworked calcareous nannoplankton include
markers for the lower Oligocene, the upper Eocene, and the Cretaceous. Planktonic
foraminifers are dominated by cold water Pleistocene species. Benthic
foraminifers are typical of slope water depths of 400-600 m.
Education and Outreach
The education team had a
busy first week with five ship-to-shore broadcasts. Caitlin Scully interacted
via Skype with over 200 students, teachers, and members of the general public
in (a) Islamabad, Pakistan, (b) San Antonio, Texas, (c) San Diego, California,
and (d) Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. Social media outreach continues through
Facebook, Twitter, and tumblr. The JOIDES Resolution
Facebook page reached 3,000 "ikes" on Saturday – a great accomplishment.
Caitlin Scully, Chris Hollis, and Brian Romans contributed a total of eight new
posts to the joidesresolution.org blog. Richard Norris led the entire science
party in a brainstorming session to develop core messages that extend the
public reach of Expedition 342. Dan Brinkhuis
continues to gather video footage and work on the first documentary-style video
for Expedition 342. This week his primary interview was with Peter Blum.
Technical Support and HSE Activities
Laboratory and safety tours
where given to the oncoming scientists upon their arrival. The first fire and
boat drill was held on 4 June. Scientist and technicians prepared laboratories
for receiving cores and trained on laboratory systems. Following the MDHDS
testing, two cores were taken and processed through the labs.
On 8 June, after conclusion
of the MDHDS sea trial, four marine technicians arrived via helicopter.